Famous People In Our Bloodline
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Know Our Ancestry
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Las Familias Unidas (2012 - future)
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The Brief Summary of Las Familias Unidas
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Know More About Jaliso, Mexico
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The Paternal Ancestors of My Mother
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Criselda Embrado y Alison was my maternal great grandmother, (born 8 February 1899 in Carcar, Cebu / died 30 June 1999 in Kidapawan City, North Cotabato, Philippines), also known as Sedang, was daughter of Don Ricardo Gerardo del Rosario Embrado y Alcover de Garchitorena of Asipulo, Ifugao and of Cebu City and of Doña Dolores Consuelo Alison y Ras de Rangcajo of Carcar, Cebu and of Alburquerque, Bohol. She was the first wife of Don Fernando Vilo of Cebu, the second wife of Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza and the third and last wife of Ignacio Gregorio of Zamboanga. She was the Grand Matriarch of the Embrado - Vilo - Sauza - Dela Cruz clan of Kidapawan City, North Cotabato, Philippines.
Her second husband Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza was the great great great grandson of Felix Berenguer de Marquina y FitzGerald, the Governor General of the Republic of the Philippines and the great great grandson of Don Santiago Sauza, the brother of Don Hilario Sauza, Don Emanuel Sauza, Padre Juan Sauza, Madre Consolacion Sauza and of Doña Maria Guadalupe Sauza - Solis all from Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico.
Moreover, Doña Maria Guadalupe Sauza - Solis and Don Fidel Solis y Buenviaje of Asturias, Spain were the ancestors of Doña Segunda Katigbak, the first love of Dr. José Rizal, the Philippine National Hero.
Don Hilario Sauza was the father of Don Cenobio Sauza (October 30, 1842 – February 15, 1909), known as the "Father of Tequila," was one of the earliest and longest lasting distillers of the tequila spirit – founding the Sauza Tequila distillery – La Perseverancia – in 1873.
The world famous Sauza Tequila originated from the Sauzas of Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico.
Back to Criselda, she was a sangley. From her maternal side, she came from the illustrious, well-respected and famous clans of the Cuis, Alisons and Yaps of Cebu. She was the niece of Don Pedro Cui, the famous Cebuano philanthropist. One of her nephews was Archbishop Teofilo Camomot of Cebu.
For her father side, she came for the big, well-respected and rich clans of the Embrados, Polesticos, Garchitorenas, Cajes also spelled as Cajis, Bustamantes, Mejoradas, Chattos and Mijareses of Bohol. She was the great granddaughter of Don Vicente Garchitorena y Basa of Barcelona, Spain and an immigrant in Ambos, Camarines, Philippines and of Clara Del Rosario y Zapanta of Aroroy, Masbate, Philippines.
Her siblings were Pedro Embrado y Alison who was the father of one of the famous Cebuano journalist Hilario Embrado, Julian Embrado y Alison, Faustino Embrado y Alison and Pastor Embrado y Alison. Her father was a butcher of old Carcar Public Market and her mother was a merchant of popped rice or ampaw, fried pig's intestines and wooden slippers or bakya.
She was married to one of Cebu's aristocrats Don Fernando Vilo of Cebu in 1921. They had three children namely Roman Vilo y Embrado (1921–1988) who was the godson of Sergio Osmeña, Diosdado Vilo y Emnbrado (1923–1942) who was the godson of Vicente Sotto. Diosdado died during World War II in Padada, Davao del Sur. Conrado Vilo y Embrado (1925–present) who is the godson of Don Pedro Cui.
Because of unhappy marital life with Don Fernando Vilo, she had a secreat relationship with a business magnate Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza of Marikina, the great-great grandson of Don Benedicto Dimaculangan Tuazon, the illegitimate son of Don Antonio Tuason of Fokien, China. They had five children namely the twins Timoteo Sauza y Embrado also known as Lorenzon Zausa y Yongkol (07 February 1927, Aklan, Philippines - present) and Roberto Sauza y Embrado also known as Teodoro Sauza y Yongkol(07 February 1927 – March 2011), Dolores Sauza - Dela Cruz y Embrado(1929–present), Natividad Sauza y Embrado(1930 - 1930) who died weeks after birth due to prematurity and Alejandro Sauza y Embrado (1931–1934) who died because of cholera.
Eventually she married Ignacio Gregorio. They had a daughter named Gloria Gregorio y Embrado.
At the age of three, her mother taught her prayers in Latin. At 5, she had her first non-formal education in embroidery at the convent of Sta. Catalina Parish. She really would like to study a formal education, but her brothers insisted that she should stay only in the house attending the needs of the family and should pray in the church regularly. She was educated by the sisters of Sta. Catalina Parish of Carcar, Cebu. She learned business from her parents which eventually made her one of the richest businesswomen of her time in Visayas and Mindanao from 1918 to early 1980s. She bought and sold relief goods, rice, poultry, sea foods, fruits and rubbermade products.
She could speak, write and understand Latin, Spanish, English, Filipino, Cebuano, Chavacano, Hiligaynon, Boholano, Waray and some Moslem dialects.
When she was younger, she saw and observed the woman in their community. They stayed at home attending the needs of the family and at the church serving and praying almost all day long. At the age of 13, she gathered her female friends at Sta. Catalina Church. She told her friends that men should allow woman to study not just at the convent and men should listen to their opinions and suggestions.
Sedang was known of her frankness, strong will and bravery. For her, damsels and woman of her time should be given opportunities to work for the family and to serve the community as well like men of her time. This was strongly opposed by her brothers and male relatives. But, she insisted and persevered. For her, women were not just servers of their families and husbands. Many woman of her time agreed of her strong opinions.
To prove, she worked in the public market of Carcar and even challenged men with men related works such as being a carpenter, butcher and other menial works related to men only although she was no tomboy or lesbian. For her, if men could do, women could do as well.
Because of her, many young women realized the value of their importance for social development. She established here own business and never lost hope although people in her time discouraged her so many times.
After several years of unhappy married life to Don Fernando Vilo, she left her first husband and followed her heart. She endured the intrigues of people when she live with Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza in Cebu City. For her, this was her life and she did not want to live because of the dictation of others. She was very strong willed. Eventually, Diosdado Sauza y Mendoza left her for another family. For her, woman could also live without men beside them.
When she found a better life in Mindanao, she brought her children Roman, Diosdado, Conrado and Dolores in Davao City in late 1930s. With her perseverance as a single mother, she used her business skils and evenually acquired hecatares of land in Hagonoy and Padada, Davao del Sur and in Old Bulatukan, Kisante, Makilala, North Cotabato and in Singaw, Kidapawan, North Cotabato. She was one of the most successful lady business magnate of her time. For her, woman should learn to stand by her own and should learn to speak her mind.
She was a well-travelled lady and befriended prominent people of her time. One of her close friends was Nicolasa Dayrit, the aunt of her second husband Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza and a Capampangan hero. She was also the Head Campaign Manager of the late President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos for Region XI in the Philippines and one of the Head Campaign Manager of the same president for Mindanao in 1960s and 1970s. She was one of the beloved socialites during the time of President Carlos P. Garcia who did charity and social actions of the same president particularly for Visayas and Mindanao. President Carlos P. Garcia's wife, former First Lady Leonila Dimataga was the childhood best friend of Criselda.
She on 30 June 2000 in Kidapawan City, North Cotabato, Philipines due to old age. She was one of the clan historians.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "My Ancestry, 1990 " Values Education - I, Notre Dame of Kidapawan College Boys' Department, Kidapawan, North Cotabaot, Philippines. unpublished.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "My Autobiography, 1990" English - I, Notre Dame of Kidapawan College Boys' Department, Kidapawan, North Cotabato, Philippines. unpublished.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "The Best of Age Beyond The Present Time, 199 " English - II, Kidapawan National High School, Kidapawan, North Cotabato, Philippines. unpublished.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "Who Am I Beyond? My Genealogy, 1992 " English - III, Davao City National High School, Davao City, Philippines. unpublished.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "Ang Makasaysayang Pinagmulan ng Aking Lahi, 1993)" Filipino - III, Davao Central College, Toril, Davao City, Philippines. unpublished.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "My Maternal Ancestors: The Sauza Family in the Republic of the Philippines, 1998)" English Department, Mass Communication, Adamson University, Manila, Philippines. unpublished.
Salamat, Amir Nasser Dela Cruz. "The Hispanic Oriental Family Heritage in the Philippines, 2010 - 2011)" Mabalacat, Pampanga and Aguilar, Pangasinan, Philippines. unpublished.
Juan Sumulong y Marquez (1875 – 1942), my great great granduncle was a member of the Opposition during the Commonwealth Era. He was born Juan Sumulong y Marquez and was the Brains of the Opposition during the ascendancy of Manuel Quezon. He was born in Antipolo, Distrito de Morong (presently, Rizal Province), Philippines on December 27, 1875 to Policarpio Sumulong, a tenant farmer who became Capitan Municipal and Arcadia Marquez..
After finishing his elementary education in his hometown, he went to Manila and enrolled at the San Juan de Letran College. He walked from Tondo to Intramuros. As he did not have enough for his board and room, he helped his landlady prepare food for breakfast and peddled, after school in the mornings, her homemade cigars. He also did his own laundry.
During rainy days, he wore wooden clogs, and only upon reaching school would he wear his leather shoes which he carried wrapped in paper. He completed his Bachelor of Arts nevertheless. He then took up law at the University of Santo Tomas. When the Revolution against Spain broke out, he joined the revolutionists with headquarters in Morong Province (now Rizal).
After the restoration or peace following the Filipino-American War, he served as a private secretary to the Filipino civil governor of Morong Province with headquarters in Antipolo. In a meeting held at the Pasig church on June 5, 1901 to discuss the fusion of Morong and some towns within Manila, councilor Sumulong spoke in favor of such a union. It was ultimately approved and the new province was named Rizal.
He became a journalist, joining La Patria as a reporter and becoming its city editor after three months. He analyzed the political situations for La Democracia, the Federal Party’s official publication, of which he was the editor for a long time.
After passing the bar examinations in 1901, he practiced law and at the same time taught Constitutional Law at the Escuela de Derecho. One of the first cases he handled was the boundary dispute between Antipolo and the neighboring town of Cainta. He won the case for his hometown. He and Rafael Palma also successfully defended the newspaper El Renacimiento in a libel suit filed by some American Constabulary officials. The paper exposed the abuses committed by the military officers against the peaceful citizens of Cavite in the concentration camp in Bacoor. It was the first case that the American government lost. In June 1902, these two young lawyers secured from Governor William Howard Taft the pardon of Isabelo de los Reyes who was accused of “conspiracy” in organizing a labor union which staged the first organized strike in the Philippines. He was made Judge of the Court of First Instance in 1906 and of the Court of Land Registration in 1908. He was also a member of the Philippine Commission from 1909 to 1913. He could have been in the Supreme Court had he accepted the offer to him made by U.S. President Taft.
In 1904, while he was in the United States as a member of the Honorary Commission to the St. Louis Exposition he published in an American journal the independence aspiration of the Filipinos, realizing the inadvisability of the statehood plan.
Sumulong was vice-president of the Partido Nacional Progresista that was organized on January 2, 1907. The new political party aimed to achieve Philippine Independence by progressive stages. He ran as its candidate for a seat in the first Philippine Assembly in the July 30 elections, but lost to the Nacionalist Party candidate. Again, he ran for, and lost the position of senator for the fourth district in the 1916 general elections.
Because of the overwhelming Nacionalista victories in the 1916 elections, the minority groups, Sumulong’s Progresistas and the Partido Democrata Nacional of Teodoro Sandiko, merged in August 1917 to form the Democrata Party. In 1919, Sumulong became president of this party.
Sumulong was an effective “public speaker with a high reputation for intellectual capacity and integrity” according to Claro M. Recto. But he lost his senatorial bid in 1923 because of an alleged defect in the party platform. In 1925, he was elected finally to a six-yearterm as Senator for the fourth district, composed of Manila, Rizal, Laguna and Bataan.
As senator, he had his famous debate with Senate President Manuel L. Quezon on the amendments to the Corporation Law. He also voiced out his vehement opposition to the enactment of the Belo Act, giving the Governor-General a yearly appropriation fund for military and technical advisers known as the Belo Boys. He authored the law creating the gasoline tax and the law regarding the books of accounts to be kept by merchants, especially by Chinese.
From 1930 to 1931, he was in the United States as a member of the Philippine Independence Mission. When the first Philippine Independence Act, known as the Hare-Hawes Cutting Act, was enacted by the U.S. Congress, he decided to oppose its acceptance by the Filipino people mainly because of its provision that even after Philippine independence, the United States will continue to exercise sovereignty over U.S. Military reservations in the Philippines. Quezon, Aguinaldo, Recto and many others opposed the HHC Act and they became known as the Antis. Osmena, Roxas, and others favoring it became known as the Pros.
Due to poor health, he resigned from the presidency of the Democrata Party on the eve of the election on June 2, 1931. His resignation led to the dissolution of the party. In the election of June 5, 1934, he ran as the candidate of the Antis, for Senator of the fourth senatorial district. H e won and the Antis became the party in power. On August 18, the Nacionalista and Democrata “Antis” fused into a new political party called Partido Nacionalista Democrata with Quezon as president and Sunulong as vice-president. The coalition in 1935 of this party and the opposition party of Osmena was bitterly denounced by Sumulong in his manifesto called After the Coalition, the Deluge. He believed that political representation was imbalanced and that the coalition would to an oligarchy and to the development of a revolutionary opposition. This was already evident, he warned, in the growth of Communism and Sakdalism. The Sakdal uprising in May 1935 lent credence to Sumulong’s warnings.
Sumulong, who long before Quezon adopted the slogan of “social justice”, broke up with the latter and continued keeping alive an opposition. In 1941, he ran against Quezon for the Presidency in spite of his failing health. Two weeks before the elections, he fell ill and was forced to stay in bed until his death on January 9, 1942. Several hours before his death he told Jorge Bocobo and Jose Fabella that he and his party would not join in the formation of a Japanese – sponsored government.
He was married to a distant cousin, Maria Salome Sumulong. They had 11 children, four of whom died, the seven surviving being Lumen, Demetria, Lorenzo, Paz, Juan Jr., Belen and Francisco.
His grandaughter was Ma. Corazon Cojuangco y Sumulong also known as Cory who married Benigno Aquino Jr of Concepcion, Tarlac, Philippines. Cory was the 1st Philippine President and she was born to Demetria Sumulong y Sumulong and Jose Cojuangco y Chichioco.
How are the Sauza’s relative to him? Of course, aside from our Grand Matriarch Doña Ysabel Berenguer de Marquina—Sauza y Sumulong, Don Juan Sauza y Tuazon, my great great great grandfather married Doña Natividad Sumulong, the sister of Don Policarpio Sumulong.
To summarize: Doña Natividad Sumulong-Sauza and Don Policarpio Sumulong were sibling. Don Quitin Sauza y Sumulong (Wife: Doña Feliza Mendoza y Posadas of San Carlos and Aquilar, Pangasinan, Philippines), my great great grandfather and Senator Juan Sumulong y Marquez (Wife: Ma. Salome Sumulong of Antipolo, Philippines) were 1st cousins. Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza. Demetrio Sauza y Mendoza (Wife: Criselda Embrado y Alison of Carcar, Cebu, Philippines) and Demetria Sumulong y Sumulong (Husband: Jose Cojuangco y Chichioco of Malolos, Bulacan, Philippines) were second cousins. Ma. Corazon Cojuangco y Sumulong (Husband: Benigno Aguino Jr. of Concepcion, Tarlac, Philippines) and my maternal grandmother Dolores Sauza y Embrado (Husband: Regino Dela Cruz Jr. y Ortuoste of Cotabato City, Philippines) are 3rd cousins.
Cornejo, Miguel. Commonwealth Directory of the Philippines . Habana, 1939.
Eminent Filipinos. Manila: National Historical Commission, 1971.
Galang, Zoilo. Encyclopedia of the Philippines Volume 9. Manila: P. Vera & Sons Company, 1936.
Nellist, George. Men of the Philippines: A Biographical Record of Substantial Achievement in the Philippine Islands. Manila: The Sugar News Company: 1931.
Yes, we are descended also from the Mexican-Indian bloodline. Here's why. The first peoples to live in this area were the Chichimecas (above), the Otomí, the Toltecs and the Nahua. However, the major pre-Hispanic settlement was not where the town of Tequila is today, but rather in a place called Teochtinchán. After the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire, the Spanish moved west and this region became part of what was known as Nueva Galicia during the colonial period. Initial resistance to Spanish domination was brief. Local people fortified their major town, but in the end decided to surrender peacefully.
The village of Santiago de Tequila was founded in 1530 by Franciscan monks, who moved many of the local people here from Chiquihuitillo Mountain (now known as Tequila Volcano). In 1541, indigenous people in various parts of Nueva Galicia revolted against Spanish rule. Locally, The Tecoxines and Caxcanes in the towns of Tlaltenango, Xochipila, Nochictlán and Teocaltech rebelled first, with those in Tequila joining later. These rebels made their stand on Tequila Mountain. Friar Juan Calero of the monastery near Tequila went to try and pacify the situation, but he was killed by a barrage of arrows and rocks. This body was stripped of its robes and hung on the local stone idol. Another monk who died trying to negotiate a settlement was Friar Antonio de Cuellar of the Etzatlan monastery. In October of 1541, the situation in Nueva Galicia was so serious that the viceroy, Antonio de Mendoza, arrived from Mexico City. Rebel chief Diego Zacatecas went to meet with the viceroy, but was immediately taken prisoner by the Spanish. The price for his release was the end of the rebellion and for the chief to convert to Christianity.
It will be on 21 January 2012 at Calumpang Court, Marikina City (above and below), Philippines, the origin and the first home of the Sauza clan in the country.
He is Col. Rolando C. Cruz, MD, also known as Randy, the great grand son of Doña Martha Sauza-Cruz y Sumulong and of Don Sotero Cruz of Sto. He is the Commanding Officer of the Presidential Security Group of His Excellency Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III, the incumbent President of the Republic of the Philippines.
Randy is the great great great grandson of Don Miguel Juan Santiago Sauza y Berenguer de Marquina (b. 29 September 1818, Sto. Niño, Pueblo de Mariquina (presently Marikina City), Philippines) also known as Igi married Doña Matilda Tuazon y Dela Peña also known as Tidang, the daughter of Don Benedicto Tuazon y Dimucalangan also known as Apung Bito, the illegitimate son of Doña Dolores Dimaculangan of Pampanga, Philippines and Don Antonio Tuason or Son Tua of Fokien, China.
Don Miguel Juan Santiago Sauza y Berenguer de Marquina was the 7th son of Don Santiago Sauza and of Doña Ysabel Berenguer de Marquina-Sauza y Sumulong.
OVER-ALL-CHAIRMAN: Col. Rolando C. Cruz, MD
SECRETARY TO THE OVER-ALL-CHAIRMAN: Mrs. Jercyl Sauza-Duran y Bautista
BUDGET & FINANCE COMMITTEE CHAIR: Mr. Joven "Bing" Gabiola Santos
PHYSICAL ARRRANGEMENT COMMITTEE CHAIR: Col. Ronaldo C. Cruz. MD
SECRETARIAT CHAIR (COMMUNICATIONS, INVITATIONS, RESEARCH & DOCUMENTATION): Prince Victor Salamat
ACCOMMODATION, HOUSING, TRANSPORTATION & TOURISM CHAIR: Ms. Dolor Nepomuceno Laguda
PROGRAM & ACTIVITY CHAIR: Ricky "Ykey" Ganoria Sauza
MEDIA PARTNER: Asia & The Pacific Intercontinental Media Corporation
Kindly coordinate with Prince Victor Salamat as you finalize your color code per clan.
On the other hand, Santiago de Tequila is a town and municipality located in the state of Jalisco about 60 km from the city of Guadalajara.Tequila is best known as being the birthplace of the drink that bears its name, “tequila,” which is made from the blue agave plant, native to this area. The heart of the plant contains sugars and had been used by native peoples here to make a fermented drink. After the Spanish arrived, they took this fermented beverage and distilled it, producing the tequila known today. The popularity of the drink and the history behind it has made town and the area surrounding it a World Heritage Site. It was also named a "Pueblo Mágico" (Magical Town) in 2003 by the Mexican federal government. (Above picture: Statue dedicated to Mayahuel in the town of Tequila in Jalisco, Mexico. Thanks to Joseph A. Tyson for the picture.)
The name “Tequila” is derived from Nahuatl and means “place of tribute”. The coat of arms of the municipality was officially adopted on 31 December 1983 by the municipal council. It contain the Latin phrase ALMA LAETA NOBILIS, meaning “great and noble soul.”Its representative symbols include the tower of the main church in the town of Tequila, the chimneys of the distilleries, the agave plant and Tequila Mountain.
In 1600, Pedro Sánchez de Tagle decided to build a large scale distilling operation based on a local fermented beverage made with the local agave plant. He also introduced the idea of cultivating this plant, native to the region, on a mass scale.
At the beginning of the 19th century came another rebellion in the Tequila area, this time led by a man only known as “The Gold Mask”. This rebellion was suppressed by the governor of Nueva Galicia, José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa, for which he was subsequently promoted to viceroy of Peru.
Shortly after this came the Mexican War of Independence. Rafael Pérez, under orders from José María Mercado, came to Tequila with 200 men to take over the town from royalist forces. After Independence, the town to Tequila was made the seat of one of the departments of the new state of Jalisco. When these departments were reorganized into municipalities, the town of Tequila was made the seat of the municipality of the same name. In 1874, the town of Tequila was given the official status of city. This was in recognition of an event in 1873, when Sixto Gorjón, about 50 police and citizens of Tequila fought off a group of bandits headed by Manuel Lozada, known as “The Tiger of Alicia”. (Picture Above: Closer view of the town Jalisco, Mexico from the road heading to a volcano. Thanks to Joseph A. Tyson for the picture.)
The town of Tequila has a population of 26,809, accounting for about 73% of the municipality’s inhabitants. It contains the main parish church, Our Lady of the Purísima Concepción, built in the 18th century by Martín Casillas. The church has a stone facade, a bell tower and inverted truncated pyramid (estipite) pilasters that flank the main portal. The portal has two levels and a crown. The first level contains the door arch with has moulding and a seal and is supported by two Doric columns. The upper portion contains a window with moulding with Doric columns in each side, decorated with curves and vegetable motifs. The crown at the top contains a sculpture of the Archangel Michael in a niche flanked by Doric columns. The side portal is an arched entrance with Tuscan columns and cornice and a cross in relief at the midpoint. Inside are one nave and a Neoclassical main altar. Also inside is a statue of Or Lady of the Conception which dates from 1865.
Notable secular structures include the Quinta Sauza built in the 1830s and the La Perserverancia distillery which was built in 1873. The Quinta Sauza has a large exterior garden with elaborate stone fountains. In the atrium, there are carvings with scenes from the passion of Christ. The facade of the house has reliefs of plants in which there are several entrances. Inside, there is a courtyard with a decorated fountain in the center and the entrance to the chapel in the back, which is decorated with plant and serpent motifs. In La Perseverancisa there is a huge work painted by Gabriel Flores in 1969 depicting the making and drinking of tequila. The distillery has guided tours.This distillery also has a museum in front of the municipal palace, containing paintings, photographs, sculptures and the machinery of the La Perservancia distillery and a room dedicated to regional crafts. (Picture above: The Sauza Family Museum in Downtown Jalisco, Mexico. Thanks to Joseph A. Tyson for the picture.)
The National Museum of Tequila (MUNAT) is located in the town of Tequila on land that was purchased and set aside by Cipriano Rosales at the beginning of the 20th century for cultural and/or educational activities. The Eduardo González Primary School was established first in 1933, which became a vocational high school in 1979. This was closed in the 1980s due to the deterioration of the building. After extensive remodeling, it reopened as the Casa de Cultura Tequilense (Tequila Cultural Center) and remained so until 2000, when it was converted into the National Museum of Tequila. It is the first museum in the world dedicated to this liquor.
Just10 km outside the town of Tequila proper is the Sanctuary of Saint Toribio Romo González on the road that leads to the Balneario La Toma, in a community called Agua Caliente. Toribio Romo was recently canonized by John Paul II. The Sanctuary is located in the place where Romo was apprehended and shot during the Cristero War.
The National Festival of Tequila is held every year from the end of November to the middle of December. During this event, a Tequila Queen is crowned and the main distillers in the area all have a presence with samples of their tequila. There are also charreada events and a parade with floats, cockfights, mariachis, fireworks and rides. This festival coincides with the feast of Tequila’s patron saint, Our Lady of the Purisíma Concepción.
A surprising tradition for those not from Tequila is the nightly blessing of the town by the parish priest. At 9pm every night, the priest exits the church and offers a blessing by ringing a bell three times. At this moment, everyone in the town stops what they are doing, including turning off things like the television or radio and stands for the blessing.
1. "Volcán Tequila" (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 August 2009.
2. "Giant panda sanctuaries and Tequila-producing area of Mexico among the eight new sites added to World Heritage List" (in Spanish). 2006-07-12. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
3. "Gobierno Municipal de Tequila 2006-2009" (in Spanish). Tequila, Jalisco: Municipality of Tequila. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
4. "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico – Jalisco: Tequila" (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 August 2009.
5. Santiago de Tequila
6. Don Santiago Sauza and Descendants
7. Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico Government
The interesting surname “Sauza:” is of Portuguese in origin and if of locational derivation from any of the minor places called Sousa or Souza in Portugal. The placename itself is of uncertain origin, but was probably applied originally to a salt marsh from a variat of “sausa” , salty (from the Latin “salsa”, with the word “agua”, water (Latin”aqua” understood. The surname is also found as Sousa, Souza, Sauza and D’Souza in the modern idiom, and it well recorded in Portuguese Church Registers where it first appears in the early 15th century. (Photo Above: Funchal, Portugal by day)
As for the ancestors of the Sauza siblings Doña Maria Guadalupe Sauza, Don Hilario Sauza, Don Santiago Sauza, Padre Juan Francisco Sauza and Madre Maria Consolacion Sauza, other early examples include: in 1446, the birth of Leonor Homem de Sousa at Funchal, the larget city and the municipal seat and the capital of Portugal’s Autonomous Region of Madeira and the birthda of her son Joao Homem de Sousa in 1476 also in Funchal. Another recorded ancestors were Branca Sousa who was born in Azores Island Provinces in 1512, Apolonia Sousa who was the daughter of Jeronimo and Maria de Sousa who was christened at Canico Madeira in Funchal on 15 January 1582 and the marriage of Andre de Souza to Mario Do Esprito-Sto at Santa Beatriz, Aqua de Pena in Funchal on 21 October 1647.
The Coat of Arms most associate with the family depicts on a gold shield with tree red bends. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Garcia Homeme de Sousa which was dated in 1420 and christened at Funchal, Portugal during the reign of King John I of Portugal in 1385-1433. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England, this wa known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to develop often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
The other ancestors of the Sauza siblings Doña Maria Guadalupe Sauza, Don Hilario Sauza, Don Santiago Sauza, Padre Juan Francisco Sauza and Madre Maria Consolacion Sauza were the elder Sauza also known as Sousa, de Sosa, Soso and Souza were first found in Galicia, a region in northwestern Spain with unique blend of cultural and linguistic heritage. Some of their relatives were among the early migrants to the New World like Silvestre de Sosa who sailed to America in 1512, Juan de Sosa who sailed to America in 1528, Hernando Soso who sailed to New Spain in 1534 and Isabel de Sousa and many others. The Spanish surname Sauza is the Castillian form of the Galician and Portugues surname Souza or Sousa. (Photo Below: Funchal, Portugal by night)
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS DATU IGNACIO ORTUOSTE (c. 1879 - 02 June 1936), my maternal great great grandfather who was also known as Datu Malako Mayanga was the most extraordinary member of the Cotabato triumvirate in that he was entirely a product of colonialism. His career, which spans the years between 1904 and 1935, illustrates most dramatically the disjunctions wrought by colonialism in Cotabato. There is very little written information available on Datu Ortuoste. Beckett (1982) does not mention him and Gowing (1983) assumes him to be a Christian Filipino. According to Datu Adil, Ortuoste was neither a Christian Filipino nor a Magindanaon nor originally from Cotabato. He was a Maranao from the Lanao Plateau who was captured as a child in a skirmish between Spanish soldiers and Maranao warriors. He was brought to the Jesuit mission at Tamontaka, on the south fork of the Pulangi River. There he was reared and educated, baptized and given a Christian name.
Like his contemporary Datu Piang, Ortuoste made a very successful transition from Spanish to American rule. Unlike Piang, his main assets were his ability to read, write, and speak Spanish as well as local languages, and his familiarity with colonial as well as local culture. Utilizing these attributes, Ortuoste became a highly effective intermediary between the local representatives of colonial authority and those who militantly resisted that authority. His singular personal background made him an ideal cultural and political broker, negotiating the subjugation of defiant local leaders to an occupying foreign power.
The first reported occasion for Ortuoste's mediation occurred in 1904 when he reportedly played a prominent role in dissuading Datu Ali from attacking the American military garrison in what was then the town of Cotabato (Millan 1952). Ortuoste's next recorded assignment for the Americans was in 1914, when he assisted in negotiating the surrender of Datu Alamada, an Iranun insurgent who had fought the successive colonial regimes for twenty years in the mountainous area between Cotabato and Lanao with a force of more than five hundred men (Gowing 1983).
American administrators again sought the assistance of Ortuoste in 1923 as a mediator in the surrender of another Iranun insurgent, Datu Santiago, the last leader of resistance to American rule in Cotabato. Santiago had rebelled against the imposition by the Americans of a head tax (cedula ), the compelling of Muslim girls to attend Christian schools, and the practice by school authorities of using forced labor without compensation to construct and repair school buildings (Hurley 1936; Tan 1982). Datu Adil remembers stories told by Ortuoste that, in this instance at least, he played a double role, simultaneously assuring colonial authorities of Santiago's imminent surrender and advising Santiago on the concessions he should demand from the Americans in return for his submission.
At some point after this, Datu Ortuoste was accorded the title Datu sa Kutawatu (Datu of Cotabato) by His Majesty Sultan Mastura, who was installed as Sultan of Magindanao in 1926. This was the reason why he was respected as one of the Royals of the Maguindanao Sultanate that he had this title "His Royal Highness" for the foreigners to greet or address him equivalent to the vernacular way of greeting or addressing a Royal in the Sultanate of Maguindanao and neighboring Sultanates (Smith, Roger and McArthur James, 1941 and Dennis John, 1935).
Sometime after helping secure the surrender of Datu Alamada he was also appointed assistant to the governor of Cotabato. In his political career, Datu Ortuoste enjoyed considerable influence among colonial administrators and gained the recognition of the Muslim elite of Cotabato. He accumulated large tracts of property in and around Cotabato City before he died, sometime before 1952. Two of his sons became civil servants in Cotabato.
That Datu Ortuoste was, in all important respects, a colonial creation is evidenced in the exceptional title bestowed upon him by the reigning Sultan of Magindanao. The office of Datu sa Kutawatu was unusual not only in that it was newly created—the creation of new royal offices was uncommon but not unheard of (see below).
It was also the first traditional title that in its very nomenclature acknowledged colonial domination. "Cotabato," after all, was the Spanish and American term for the territory locally known as Magindanao. As the ceremonial Datu sa Kutawatu; Datu Ortuoste personified the new colonial construct called Cotabato. He was the first purely colonial datu.
Citation: McKenna, Thomas M. Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Reed, Thomas Royals of Mindanao & The Islands: 1953, Adamson University Library, Manila, Philippines
Smith, Roger and McArthur James The Colonial Royals of Mindanao. Manila: Maverick Press, 1941
Dennis, John The Oriental Royals. Manila: Maverick Press, 1935